The Fremont people, named in contemporary times for their first known location near the Fremont River in Utah, were a Native tribe located in Nevada, Utah, and Colorado. They existed approximately between 1-1300 A.D.

Attractions & Cultural Centers

  • Fremont Indian State Park and Museum
  • Baker Archaeological Site - Great Basin National Park
  • Brigham Young University Museum of People and Cultures (stores Baker Archaeological items)
  • Nine Mile Canyon, located near the town of Helper, UT
  • Zion National Park
  • Arches National Park
  • Capitol Reef National Park
  • Dinosaur National Monument

Location

The Fremont lived in communities that stretched from central Utah to eastern Nevada and western Colorado.

History & Culture

The Fremont people are unique because they appear to have been much more sedentary than other tribes during their time. They were partial hunter-gatherers, partial farmers. They grew corn, beans, and squash, and built large pit houses to store food.

They also most likely traded with distant tribes, as evidenced by obsidian, turquoise, shell, and other materials that were not native with the Fremont.

The Fremont left behind no written record, but did leave behind rock art, such as in Upper Pictograph Cave, in Great Basin National Park. Their rock art is unique to their culture, and often depicts trapezoid shapes, and often human and animal shapes in trapezoidal forms. They also depict many parallel lines and dots.

Like their contemporaries, the Ancestral Puebloans of Mesa Verde, the Fremont people disappeared from the area quite suddenly between 1300-1500, a few hundred years after the Ancestral Puebloans disappeared. Anthropologists have theories for this that include climate change, which disrupted ideal farming conditions, and absorption or or displacement by new nomadic tribes to the area, the ancestors to the modern day Ute, Paiute, and Shoshone tribes.

Sources:

Great Basin National Park. http://www.nps.gov/grba/learn/historyculture/fremont-indians.htm

Fremont Indian State Park. http://stateparks.utah.gov/parks/fremont-indian/

Fremont Culture. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fremont_culture